I am the plaintiff, and I lost my small claims case. Now what?



If you've received a judgment indicating that you've lost a case, your options to proceed depend on whether or not you agree with the judgment, and on whether you were the plaintiff or the defendant.


If you lost the lawsuit and owe the other party money, and you would like to learn more about how to pay the other party, you can refer to our article “How do I pay for my judgment?”


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Losing a Claim as a Plaintiff


Being the plaintiff on the original claim, you could lose a case in two different ways:


1. Losing the plaintiff's claim, which is the case you originally filed against the defendant

  • Result: defendant does not owe you any money on the claim

2. Losing the defendant's counterclaim, which is the claim that the defendant filed against you as part of the same case

  • Result: you have to pay the defendant money on the counterclaim they filed

Losing Plaintiff's Claim as Plaintiff


Unfortunately as the plaintiff, losing your plaintiff's claim leave you with few options. You will not be able to appeal the decision of the court. If you believe a mistake was made, or that there is an incorrect legal basis in the decision, you can file a motion to correct or cancel the judgment. If the judgment is canceled, you will receive a new trial.


Losing Defendant's Counterclaim as Plaintiff


Losing the defendant's counterclaim will leave you with different options depending on whether you've attended the hearing. In this case, you are effectively the "defendant" of the counterclaim.


If you attended the hearing and lost the counterclaim, you can appeal the judge's decision. An appeal means the whole case is heard again as a new trial. Both parties may be represented by a lawyer in an appeal, and if you lose the appeal, you could pay additional costs for the other party's lawyer and/or their lost earnings and expenses related to the trial. If the judge decides that you appealed to delay or harass the other party, the judge may order you to pay even more for the other party's lawyer and lost earnings/expenses.


How to Vacate Default Judgement


If you did not attend the hearing and lost the counterclaim, that means you've received a default judgment. You cannot appeal this kind of judgment and have a new trial until you “vacate the default judgment”, that is, until you have the judgment removed or erased. You can file a Notice of Motion to Vacate Judgment. Fill the form out and file it with the small claims clerk with a filing fee.


You must do this within 30 days of the date of mailing that written on the Notice of Entry of Judgment you received from the court. You should have a good reason for not having appeared in court when you were supposed to. If the reason you did not go to court was because you were not served with a copy of the claim, you have up to 180 days after you find out about the default judgment against you to file the Notice of Motion to Vacate Judgment form. This will be usually granted if you have a good reason for missing the original hearing.

If the judge vacates the judgment, you will have a new trial. The new trial can be on the day of the hearing to vacate or on a future date, so bring your evidence every time you go to court, just to be prepared.

 
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